- Suicide – an act of intentionally causing one’s death
- Suicide attempt – a non-fatal self-directed potentially injurious behavior with any intent to die as a result of the behavior.
- Suicide ideation – thinking about considering or planning for suicide.
Facts about Suicide:
- One million people die by suicide every year.
- It is the 13th leading cause of death according to the World Health Organization.
- It is the 6th cause of death in the United States based on the National Safety Council.
- A leading cause of death among teenagers and adults (<35 years old).
- Incidence is higher in men than women.
- 70-80% of the general population thought of committing suicide.
- 10-20 million non-fatal attempted suicides every year worldwide.
- Most attempts are expressions of extreme distress, not harmless bids for attention.
Most prevalent diagnoses related to suicide:
- Phobia – 15%
- Alcohol abuse – 10%
- Depression – 6%
Causes of Suicidal incidences:
- Mental disorder – such as depression, paranoia, etc.
- Physical condition – such as chronic pain, epilepsy, stroke, dementia, AIDS, etc.
Circumstances related to Suicide:
- Love and relationship.
- Family problems.
- Financial problems.
- Work-related problems.
Warning signs to note about if someone is a potential candidate to commit suicide:
- Loss of self-esteem
- Suddenly making a will and/or taking out life insurance
- Sleep problems
- Lack of self-care
- Isolation and hopelessness
- Talking about suicide
- Marked change in behavior
How to talk with someone who is suicidal?
- Express empathy.
- Active listening.
- Don’t agree about their thoughts of suicide.
- Instill hope.
- Help them understand that they have control over their thoughts and behavior.
- Consider person’s belief system and values.
- Encourage them to think about their personal strengths.
- Anything important to the person’s life that which may reduce immediate risk.
- Focus on importance of person to people they care about.
General Prevention of Suicide Ideation:
- Exercise and diet
- Lift your mood
- Reduce stress and anxiety
- Improve self-esteem
- Avoid isolation
- Stay positive
- Avoid alcohol misuse
- Never use illegal drugs
Suicide Prevention (according to the World Health Organization):
- Gain control
- Psychiatric treatment
- Control of toxic substances
- Physical barrier
- Responsible media reporting
- Gas detoxification