Nice to Know: Avoiding Sexist Language

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Sometimes people can be very sensitive when it comes to conversations, especially when it comes to using sexist language. In order to minimize or avoid sexist conversations, here are some guidelines for you to consider:

1. When a gender of an object is unknown, don’t assume a supposed gender. Ex. When talking about a doctor, don’t assume the doctor is he.

2. Sexism may sometimes be introduced in a language through use of suffix. Adding ess or ette onto an otherwise neutral noun indicates a masculine adjustment to a feminine word thus should be avoided in a non-sexist language.

3. Some words diminish or demean. Ex. Women referring to as chicks. Or, using terms such as Lady of the House or Dear Housewife.

4. Cultural habits contribute to sexism. Like, the adding of man to many words is one troublesome peculiarity of English. Ex. salesman, chairman, spokesman and fireman.

5. Stop stereotyping. People behave according to perceptions. If males perceive themselves as powerful men, they carry themselves proudly and strongly. If women perceive themselves as passive, weak and submissive, they behave in powerless ways. Ex. Secretary is always pictured as a woman while a bank president is always pictured as a man.

6. Avoid verbal abuse. Words are very powerful weapons or healers depending on the choice of verbiage and the manner it was spoken.

Here are more detailed tips on what to do:

1. Avoid using man to refer to typical human being.

Sexist: Man was created by God to inhabit the earth.

Non-Sexist: Humans/ People were created by God to inhabit the earth.

2. Use man correctly. Substitute man with non-sexist terms.

a. Man as Verb: Substitute with work, serve, operate, staff, run

Sexist: We are going to man the booth.

Non-Sexist: We are going to watch/supervise the booth.

b. Man as Prefix

Sexist: Mankind, manpower, man-made, man-hours.

Non-Sexist: Humanity, human-power, artificial, work-hours.

c. Man as Suffix

Sexist: Chairman, spokesman, salesman.

Non-Sexist: Chair, president, presider, spokesperson, speaker, salesperson.

d. Man as People

Sexist: Englishmen, Frenchmen

Non-Sexist: The English, The French

e. Man as Public Servant

Sexist: Congressman, lady senator.

Non-Sexist: Legislator, representative, senator.

3. Use pronouns correctly. A noun is used to replace a noun or another pronoun. First and second pronouns are genderless. (I, we, me, you, ours, yours, etc.) Third person pronouns cause sexist difficulties. Once used accurately, no problems exist.

Corrections:

a. Use plural nouns/pronouns:

Sexist: A child should learn to tie his own shoelace.

Non-Sexist: Children should learn to tie their own shoelace.

b. Omit the pronoun:

Sexist: A politician likes to offer his opinions.

Non-Sexist: A politician likes to offer opinions.

c. Change the subject:

Sexist: A lawyer who wants to win his case will work hard.

Non-Sexist: Hard work is important to a lawyer who wants to win a case.

d. Use the passive voice:

Sexist: The gardener uses his tools in his work.

Non-Sexist: The gardeners work is accomplished with the use of tools.

4. Use the neutral words. Stop the habit of making two forms of nouns – masculine and feminine when only one is required.

Sexist: Usher – usherette, major – majorette

Non-Sexist: Attendant, band player, bus helper, assistant, physician.

5. Define women by who they are, not by who their fathers or husbands are.

Sexist: Mr. & Mrs. Juan Dela Cruz

Non-Sexist: Juan & Marie Dela Cruz

Sexist: Beth, the wife of Juan…

Non-Sexist: Beth, who is marred to Juan…

There are just about some of the guidelines and tips on how to evade a sexist conversations. Don’t let this be a barrier of communication but an aide on how to create a very healthy discussion. Who knows? What if the person who you are trying to have a big business deal with is sensitive with these issues, you may lose your chance, right?

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Rice and Millions of Peso Wasted

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A bowl of rice, yum!

A bowl of rice, yum!

Rice is the most abundantly produced and consumed food for a large part of the general human population, especially in Asia and the West Indies. It is known also as the grain with the second-highest worldwide production, after corn, based on data for 2010.

 

 

 

This essential food, packed with energy and other vitamins and minerals, is truly the favorite or the most visible dish in every Filipino meal. It is ingrained in our culture and in our psyche. A Filipino would not feel the fullness or satisfaction without eating rice. It is hard not to go for it.

According to the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics of the Philippines, total rice production in 2012 reached 18.03 million MT which surpassed the 2011 outputs of 16.68 million MT by 8.1% or 1.3 million MT. Major contributors were Central Luzon, Cagayan Valley, Ilocos Region and Bicol Region.

FarmerEven so that we are one of the biggest producers of rice, still a lot of the Filipino people die of hunger everyday. The country is more focused on the infrastructures and industries nowadays rather than its true potentials which may be the reason why it is not the No.1 top rice exporter of Southeast Asia, which is Thailand.

A lot of agricultural lands are rapidly being converted to residential and commercial areas. The government has made efforts to provide farmers with lands of their own to produce and cultivate but even they are blinded by such potentials as evidenced that some farmers want the easy money thus they sell the lands given to them by the government to the businesspeople in exchange for instant cash. Little do they know that they sold out a very valuable and fruitful “homebound” not just for themselves but for their families as well.

Hungry Child At many restaurants, especially in fast-food chains, people who don’t consume their full cup of rice have wasted millions of production and milling expenses solely to make it edible food that they leave behind. Is that etiquette practice of a Filipino? Definitely not! A very disrespectful action a human can do. We spend hard-earned money in exchange for a cup of rice thus it is reasonable to consume it properly.

Filipino ChildrenIn conclusion, first, the Philippines is doing good in its developing strategies but it must never abandon its genuine strength. Second, never go for the easy money, farming may be a slow investment but a lot of people acquired good lives in farming. Lastly, the next time you feel like leaving even just a tablespoon of rice, just remember the millions of pesos used to make it and the people dying everyday since they can’t afford to buy and eat some.

Meging Paths: The Gap Between Theory and Practice Among Professional Nurses

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Last March 17, 2013, I attended a seminar organized by the MAN graduate students of Central Philippine University that was held at Lawaan, Roxas City. The speaker was a MAN who discussed topics about the essence of a nurse, the issues and challenges within the profession.

She introduced her discussion as she quoted that nurses are an integral part of a country’s national development since they constitute the greatest part of any healthcare delivery system that helps to maintain productive human capital. – Parks, Longsworth & Espadas, 2011.

Issues related to nursing that were discussed were about nursing students, nursing faculty, nursing curriculum, practice issues, financial/political issues, etc.

How are we able to bridge the gap between theory and practice in nursing? The speaker pointed out some strategies:

  • knowledge sharing
  • faculty development
  • technology education, hands-on, experience and support
  • nursing informatics

What are the challenges that revolves around the nursing profession nowadays? They are:

  • The Competitiveness Race to the ASEAN Communities 2015
  • International Educational Standards
  • Pillars of Education
  • ASEAN 2015 RACE
  • UN Millennium Development Goals
  • 3 Behavioral Competitiveness
  • Welfare Skills Qualifications

The discussion was a lively one because the speaker was able to relate trends and today’s dilemmas with the audience. Attending these kind of seminars are very beneficial for nurses to expand and update their knowledge regarding the nursing profession. Learning only ends when you are 6-ft. below the ground, said the speaker.

Poster Design Guest Waiting Chit-chat The speaker and the professor. DSCN3285 Host and hostess DSCN3289 DSCN3292 DSCN3293 DSCN3297 DSCN3296 DSCN3305 DSCN3308 DSCN3309 DSCN3310 DSCN3312 DSCN3313 DSCN3314 DSCN3326 DSCN3330 DSCN3333 DSCN3335 DSCN3339 DSCN3341 DSCN3342